Before understanding how a computer operates, we need to get to know all the different parts a Pc consists of. These parts are :
1) Motherboard (MOBO)
The motherboard is one of the key parts of our Pc as it connects all the different components together. The motherboard is the ‘central platform’ on which our computer operates. Without it, no component would be able to work. Every part is connected in some way on the motherboard.
2) Power Supply Unit (PSU)
The Power Supply is the most important component as it provides our computer with the necessary power in order to operate. You should always consider choosing the right amount of power because underpowering your rig could cause serious damage to all the other parts. That’s why you should never go cheap on your PSU and always choose a quality unit. Better to be safe than sorry.
3) Central Processing Unit (CPU)
The CPU is the “brain” of the Pc. It does all the necessary calculations and processes which a computer is supposed to do. Without a CPU there is no way a Pc could function just like a human being can not function without a brain.
4) Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)
If you are playing a game on your rig or watching a video on Youtube or just staring at your impressive wallpaper, you have to thank the GPU for it. Everything that has to do with the processing of graphics goes through the GPU. CPU and the GPU work closely together as no Pc Part can operate without the other.
5) Random Access Memory (RAM)
The RAM is responsible for the “capacity of operations and processes” a Pc can handle simultaneously as well as for the “random” storage of data before it gets written on your Hard Drive (HDD) or Solid State Drive (SSD). 16 Gb of Ram certainly allows for more simultaneous processes happening on your Pc than, let’s say, 8 Gb of Ram. RAM is especially important for content creators and video editors who handle enormous amounts of data.
6) Hard Drive (HDD) or Solid State Drive (SSD)
There are two ways to store data on your Pc. HDD’s or SSD’s. Hard Drives have been around for decades and have been used for many years, are cheaper but result in slower Write & Read speeds. SSD’s are relatively new as they came out the last few years. They are a lot more expensive than traditional Hard Drives but are massively quicker than them.
7) Cpu Cooler
The Cpu cooler’s task is simple. Keeping heat away from your Cpu. Without a cooler, the CPU would overheat and eventually malfunction. In almost every Cpu there is a basic cooler included and it looks something like this:
However, for someone who wants to lower Cpu temperatures, even more, may want to upgrade to an aftermarket cooler.
There are two types of aftermarket cooling: Air Cooling and Liquid or Water Cooling
Air Cooling is for more average users while liquid cooling is more optimised towards the extreme overclockers and people who want to keep their CPU as cool as possible.